Creating a sauna microclimate

Date: 2023-02-04, 12:00
Organizer : Lithuanian Bath Academy

Sometimes it is said that there are no bad saunas, only bad bathers. This is partly true, partly not. Each sauna is a unique phenomenon with its own character, its own pros and cons. There are saunas that are easy and simple to get along with, and others that require knowledge and expertise. Unfortunately, there are occasionally those that are simply not suitable for sauna treatments - at least as we understand it.

This seminar is for sauna practitioners and those with a deeper interest in how to get more out of their existing steam room, how to adjust the existing microclimate and how to tailor it to the needs of a particular treatment. We will also explore our senses to better understand ourselves in the steam room.

The workshop will be very useful for those planning to have their own sauna, as we will talk about the right atmosphere for a sauna, and for practising sauna practitioners, as we will learn how to create the right regimes for treatments with a continuous-heating stove. This workshop is an excellent complement to the training in bathing, giving the bathers an understanding of steam dynamics and control, and is therefore a must for those wishing to become professional bathers.

Steam cake
An interesting moment - the steam cushion of the sauna is visible.

Sauna steam is a rather mysterious and hardly tangible thing, and the atmosphere of a steam room is always a source of much debate. Often, even when taking a bath, it becomes a topic of discussion. Some bathers find it too hot, others find it too cold... Sauna experts and other sauna connoisseurs are asked for help, but they have little to say. The reason is simple: confusion of concepts. Usually the answer is found in books, articles and on the internet. But everywhere we go, we find the same 'Finnish' 'Russian' 'Finnish' 'Russian'. "Finnish", "Turkish", "sauna", "sauna needs ventilation", "sauna must be hot", etc.

The microclimate of the sauna must not be "good" in itself, but must correspond to the way the person feels in the sauna, and the principle of "do no harm" applies here. Not every sauna can have a good microclimate.

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Many people are used to controlling the microclimate of a room by temperature alone. In a sauna, the other parameter, humidity, varies much more frequently and strongly. And we are there without clothes to protect us. These two facts alone are enough to "mess with your head".

It is essential for everyone who goes to a sauna to regulate their well-being by changing the microclimate. This is even more important for the sauna attendant to know and pay for. Together we will observe the behaviour of the sauna steam, its rise, its "sitting" and its sensations. You will take part in practical measurements and analysis of the results. You will understand how to read the graphs of steam microclimate measurements published on

During the evening, we will explain in a language that everyone can understand and with practical examples, the basic concepts that describe the atmosphere of a sauna and the way people feel in it. The following issues will be practically addressed:

  • The stages of the body in the sauna;
  • the main factors that create the warmth of a sauna;
  • correction of the steam room microclimate;
  • Ventilation of the steam room;
  • the different ways of generating good steam;
  • Subjectivity and sensations of the microclimate,
  • the actions of the sauna practitioner to create good steam;

Practical steam observations will be combined with a sensory programme.

The microclimate correction will be recorded with a device and then reviewed and analysed.

Sauna whisks and microclimate

Each year we add new elements to our workshops. This time, we will look at the influence of the sauna microclimate on the quality of the bath tubs - their drying and wetting. During the bathing and self-bathing sessions, we will look at the nuances of climate that are important for the professional.

Theme covered

  • Microclimate correction

    Nuolatinio kūrenimo krosnelė yra labiausiai paplitęs pirties krosnies tipas Lietuvoje ir kaimyninėse šalyse. Todėl visiškai natūralu, kad profesionalu save vadinantis pirtininkas privalo smulkiai žinoti kaip šios krosnelės pagaba sukurti kaip galima gresnes sąlygas įvairioms pirties procedūroms.

    Praktinė tema, į kurią įeina:

    • Nuolatinio kūrenimo krosnelės kūrenimas
    • Garinės temperatūros įvertinimas
    • Perkaitintos garinės parengimas procedūroms
    • Sauso ir išprakaitavusio žmogaus pojūčių skirtumai
    • Garo pagalvės stabilumo stebėjimai
    • Garinės ventiliacija
    • Drėgmės įtaka žmogaus savijautai
    • Garo pylimas
    • Saugumo technia dirbant su nuolatinio kūrenimo krosnele

    Nuolatinio kūrenimo krosnys

Presented by

Rimas Kavaliauskas

Rimas Kavaliauskas, sauna master, designer and builder

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